September 30, 2007
- Categories:Digestive Disorders
What do Doctors call this Condition - Gastritis
What is this Condition?
Inflammation of the stomach lining is an irritation or infection that leaves the lining red, swollen, bleeding, and scarred. It can be an acute attack or a chronic problem. Chronic inflammation is common among elderly persons and persons with pernicious anemia. It’s often found to inflame all the stomach lining layers. Acute or chronic, the inflammation can affect people of any age.
What Causes it?
Acute inflammation has many possible causes, including:
â€¢ irritating foods, such as hot peppers or alcohol (or an allergic reaction to them)
â€¢ drugs such as aspirin (large doses), caffeine, corticosteroids, antimetabolites, Butazolidin, and Indocin
â€¢ swallowing corrosives or a poison such as DOT, ammonia, mercury, or carbon tetrachloride
â€¢ bacterial infection
â€¢ other acute illnesses, especially following a serious injury, burn, severe infection, or surgery.
Chronic inflammation of the stomach lining may be linked to conditions that back up bile and other acids into the stomach, bacterial infections, anemia, kidney disease, diabetes, and a list of irritating substances: drugs, alcohol, cigarette smoke, environmental chemicals.
What are its Symptoms?
A person experiencing acute inflammation typically reports a rush of symptoms; stomach discomfort, indigestion, cramping, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or vomiting blood. Symptoms may last from a few hours to a few days.
A person with chronic inflammation may have similar symptoms or only mild discomfort. Often symptoms are vague, such as an intolerance for spicy or fatty foods or slight pain relieved by eating.
How is it Diagnosed?
The doctor may order lab tests to detect traces of blood in vomit or stools (or both) if stomach bleeding is suspected. Also, blood tests may help distinguish anemia from bleeding. The doctor may use a scope to check for inflammation and obtain a specimen for study.
How is it Treated?
Inflammation cause by bacteria is treated with antibiotics and swallowed poisons are neutralized with the appropriate antidote .
Simply avoiding aspirin and spicy foods may relieve chronic inflammation of the stomach lining. If symptoms develop or persist, the person may take antacids. If other serious illnesses are the cause, drug therapy may relieve symptoms, but a total cure is difficult.